This report is a documentation of methodologies, Key themes, challenges, and recommendations from the first South Sudan Internet Governance Forum held in Juba Landmark hotel, South Sudan on 28th March 2019. The one day conference convened under the theme “Realizing Potential and Creating Opportunities “ and was attended by 120 participants form a diverse group of stakeholders in South Sudan.
The Internet Governance Forum (IGF) is an open and inclusive multi-stakeholder forum where public policy issues related to key elements of Internet governance issues, such as the Internet’s sustainability, robustness, security, stability and development are discussed
The United Nations Secretary-General formally announced the establishment of the IGF in July 2006 and the first meeting was convened in October 2006.
Today, the Internet has become an integral part of modern societies and is universal, constantly transforming lifestyles.
The Internet provides real time borderless communication and almost unlimited access to a range of services. Technical developments have improved daily life: online banking, Mobile Data Services and Voice over Internet (VoIP) telephony are few examples. The availability of Internet and network-based services offer a number of advantages for the society in general.
ICT applications, such as e-Government, e-Commerce, e-Education, e-Health and e-Environment, are considered as enablers for socio-economic development, particularly due to their ability to deliver a wide range of basic services in remote and rural areas. In this regard, ICT applications can facilitate the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in developing countries, and in particular, South Sudan. The development of cheaper infrastructure technologies has enabled developing and Least Developed Countries to offer Internet services to millions people.
Today, we are more interconnected than ever before and overall reliance on the Internet continues to increase.
As we progress, the need to have equal share of the benefits continues to be a big challenge for the world. Most of the developing world still struggles to have universal coverage. Illiteracy, lack of locally relevant content, gender divides, and internet shutdowns by oppressive regimes are just few of the barriers that continue to hinder millions from accessing the internet.
Added to the above, in such an environment, cyber-attacks occur rapidly and spread across the globe in minutes without regard to borders, geography, or national jurisdictions. Worldwide, every second, children and adults become victims of cybercrime, resulting in more than one-and-a-half million cybercrime victims each day. Cybercrime ranges from the stealing of private identity or child pornography distribution to the damaging and complete disruption of a country’s Internet connectivity.
It is at this juncture that South Sudan finds itself in need of convening the first-ever Internet Governance Forum.